Brugada syndrome is defined as a condition resulting to an erratic heart rhythm in the ventricles of the heart. The erratic heartbeat can lead to fainting and lead to sudden cardiac death. This is a rare hereditary ailment that can be acquired from at least one parent.
The syndrome is often triggered by a hereditary mutation. The defect alters the way the ion channels in the heart function.
It is more prevalent among males than females. Those who have a family history of Brugada syndrome must undergo screening for the condition.
What are the indications?
The usual indications of Brugada syndrome might include the following:
- Ventricular tachycardia which is a rapid, erratic heart rhythm that originates in the lower heart chambers
- Heart palpitations
- Cardiac arrest
- Atrial fibrillation which is a fast, erratic heart rhythm originating in the upper heart chambers
The indications of Brugada syndrome strikingly resemble other ailments. It is vital to consult a doctor to determine the cause of the symptoms.
Many individuals do not have any symptoms. Oftentimes, the condition is detected during an ECG. Those who have the syndrome often have an evident pattern on the ECG readings.
If an individual has been diagnosed with Brugada syndrome and history of ventricular arrhythmias or an aborted SCD, he/she is at high risk. The doctor might suggest an implanted cardiac defibrillator.
Those who have the syndrome with symptoms but not undergoing treatment face a higher risk for sudden cardiac death. As for cases without any symptoms and has a normal ECG, the risk is low.