A nosebleed is not usually an indication of a dangerous condition. It is considered common especially among children and most can be readily managed at home.
What are the causes?
The interior of the nose is highly delicate, and a nosebleed can occur if it is damaged. It can be caused by the following:
- Picking on the nose
- Blowing the nose too hard
- Dryness of the interior of the nose
In cases of nosebleed that requires medical care, the root might involve deep within the nose and generally affects adults such as:
- Injured or fractured nose
- Using certain drugs such as warfarin
- High blood pressure
- Conditions affecting the blood vessels and blood clotting
Self-care for a nosebleed
- The individual should sit or stand upright
- Pinch the nose at the top of the nostrils for 10-15 minutes
- The individual should lean forward and breathe via the mouth
- Apply an ice pack or cold compress on top of the nose
When to consult a doctor
- Child below 2 years of age
- Regular episodes of nosebleed
- Signs of anemia are present such as rapid heartbeat, pale skin and shortness of breath
- Using blood-thinning medications such as warfarin
- Diagnosed with a condition where the blood could not properly clot such as hemophilia.
In case the doctor could determine the source of the blood, it might be sealed by pushing a stick that contains a specialized chemical to control the blood flow.
In case this is not possible, the doctor will pack the nose with specialized sponges to avert the bleeding. In such cases, the individual might be required to remain in a healthcare facility for 1-2 days.
More Information / Disclaimer
The information posted on this page on a nosebleed is for learning purposes only. Learn to properly manage the injury by taking a standard first aid course with Mississauga First Aid.