Chronic pelvic pain among women originates in the area below the belly button. It is considered chronic if it persists for at least 6 months. Remember that this type of pain varies from one woman to another. In some women, it is a minor ache that comes and goes. As for others, the pain is steady and severe that it disrupts with activities at home or at work.
Possible causes of chronic pelvic pain
Some of the usual causes of chronic pelvic pain include the following:
- Issues with the reproductive system such as adenomyosis, endometriosis or uterine fibroids.
- Formation of scar tissue in the pelvic region after infection or surgery
- Diseases affecting the bowel or urinary tract such as chronic bladder irritation and irritable bowel syndrome
- Issues with the joints, muscles and ligaments in the lower back, pelvis or hips
What are the indications?
The type of pain tends to vary widely and may or may not be linked to menstrual periods. It is important to note that chronic pelvic pain can include:
- Pain or discomfort that ranges from minor or severe
- Pain that ranges from dull or sharp
- Intense cramps during periods
- Pain or discomfort during sexual activity
- Pain while urinating or during bowel movement
The chronic pelvic pain can make it difficult for the individual to work, sleep or enjoy life. Over time, it can result to depression.
Once the doctor determines the cause of the pelvic pain, the suitable treatment is started. Some of the common treatments include the following:
- Hormone treatment or birth control pills for issues linked to periods.
- Surgical intervention to eliminate a cyst, growth or tumor.
- Medications to manage an issue such as antibiotics for infection or drugs for irritable bowel syndrome.