Diabetes can trigger distinct symptoms among women. The condition arises if insulin is excessively produced or not properly utilized by the doctor. It results to an elevated blood sugar level that can trigger various symptoms.
Management of diabetes
Once an individual is diagnosed with diabetes, proper treatment must be started to prevent it from progressing and later cause complications that can be detrimental to overall health.
It is important to note that at all phases of life, women are faced with obstacles when managing diabetes and the blood sugar level. The challenges might be due to the following:
- Fluctuating hormones linked with the menstrual cycle, menopause and childbearing which makes it difficult to maintain the right level of blood glucose. The blood sugar should be monitored several times in a week before, during and after the period. This must be done for a few months and adjust the insulin dosage accordingly.
- Some types of birth control pills can elevate the blood glucose level. A doctor should be consulted if there is a need to switch to a low-dose birth control pill to maintain the right level of blood glucose.
- The presence of glucose in the body can trigger yeast infections. There are both over-the-counter and prescription medications to manage the yeast infections. The infections can be prevented by proper control of the blood sugar by using insulin as directed, regular exercise, lowering the intake of carbohydrates, choosing low-glycemic foods and monitoring the blood sugar.
Various medications might be given by the doctor to manage the symptoms and any complications of diabetes such as:
- Insulin therapy
- Metformin which lowers the blood sugar level
- Meglitinides work by stimulating the pancreas to release more insulin
- Sulfonylureas work by increasing the secretion of pancreatic insulin
Lifestyle alterations can also help in managing diabetes such as:
- Limiting or cessation of smoking cigarettes
- Regular exercise and maintaining a healthy weight
- Blood sugar monitoring
- Well-balanced diet that includes vegetables, fruits and whole grains