There are various diseases that affect the eyelid and eye muscles. Some of these conditions are ocular manifestations of systemic conditions while others are genetic in nature. Droopy lids and double vision are the symptoms of most of these conditions, however the treatment for diseases of the eye muscles are aimed on the underlying problem in each condition.
Strabismus is a condition that affects the eye muscles which is characterized by eyes that do not move together properly. The condition can develop in children but also occur in adults as well. Even though children with the condition do not usually have double vision, adults can suffer from it along with loss of depth perception. In most circumstances, the condition is usually managed with eye surgery.
When it comes to Graves’ disease, the thyroid gland releases excess thyroxine which is a thyroid hormone that affects various bodily systems including the eye. If the eye is involved, it is called as Graves’ ophthalmopathy in which the eye muscles and tissues behind and surrounding the eye become large and thrust the eyes forward.
Oftentimes, the tissues become extensively swollen that the eyes are unable to move and the individual develops double vision. The systemic treatment for the high thyroxine levels is part of the treatment but radiation and surgery might be needed to manage the eye symptoms.
Ocular myositis involves inflammation of various ocular or eye muscles. In one study conducted, the condition is believed to be rare. An individual can experience muscle involvement, swollen conjunctiva and droopy eyelids. This disease affecting the eye muscles can be managed with corticosteroid therapy.
Myasthenia gravis is an autoimmune condition that involves weakening of various voluntary muscles including the eye muscles. Take note that ocular myasthenia is usually one of the initial symptoms of the condition.
The weakening of the eye muscles can result to droopy eyelids or double vision. Certain medications that improve muscular strength are often utilized as part of the treatment along with immunosuppressant drugs and corticosteroids.
What is muscle eye brain disease?
Muscle eye brain disease is considered as a rare condition that has its specific set of symptoms. This is characterized as a congenital muscle dystrophy along with nearsightedness, muscle weakness, brain abnormalities and glaucoma. Take note that this rare condition is triggered by a gene mutation. The long-term prognosis tends to vary depending on the severity of the disease.