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Ebola virus disease

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It is important to note that the Ebola virus disease is considered as a rare disease triggered by infection with the Ebola virus. The virus is responsible for causing death in almost half of individuals who were infected.

Indications of the Ebola virus disease

The signs and symptoms typically manifest within 8-10 days after an individual has been infected by the Ebola virus. The virus could not spread to another individual until the symptoms manifest.

Early symptoms

  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
    Ebola virus
    The signs and symptoms typically manifest within 8-10 days after an individual has been infected by the Ebola virus.
  • Muscle pain
  • Sore throat
  • Weakness

Late symptoms

  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Stomach pain
  • Unexplained bleeding or bruising

How does Ebola virus spreads?

The Ebola virus does not readily spread in a similar manner as common viruses such as the flu or common cold. It is not spread via the air or in food or water. There is no proof that insects can spread the virus.

The virus spreads via direct contact with the following:

  • Direct exposure to the blood of an individual infected by the virus
  • Bodily fluids such as saliva, stool, breast milk, sweat, semen, urine or vomit of an individual infected by the virus
  • Objects that have been contaminated by the virus

Can one stay contagious after recovery?

An individual who was able to fully recover from disease is no longer contagious. Nevertheless, men who recovered from the disease can still pass on the virus via sexual contact for up to 3 months after the initial symptoms manifest.

Am I at risk?

In most instances, the possibility of being infected by the Ebola virus is comparatively low. The risk is increased in the following circumstances:

  • Travelling to areas where outbreaks of the Ebola virus have been reported
  • Caring for an individual with the virus
  • Direct exposure to the dead body of an individual infected by the virus. Remember that an infected body is capable of spreading the virus.


Even today, there is no medication available to manage the Ebola virus disease. The main treatment for the condition is focused on the symptoms such as:

  • Providing fluids to prevent dehydration
  • Maintaining a normal blood pressure level
  • Controlling and replacing salts and other chemicals in the body
  • Administration of oxygen if needed
  • Managing other infections if required

Close monitoring and supervision of a healthcare professional is vital. An individual with Ebola virus disease might be placed in an intensive care unit (ICU).

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