Ethmoid sinusitis occurs once infection develops. The condition is generally due to the swelling of the nasal passages and sinus opening. The ethmoid sinuses are positioned near the nasal bridge.
It is important to note that allergies or upper respiratory infections are the usual culprits for ethmoid sinusitis.
What are the signs?
Since the ethmoid sinuses are near the eyes, eye-related symptoms might be present. There is pain between the eyes along with tenderness if the bridge of the nose is touched.
Other signs of sinusitis include the following:
- Dense nasal secretions
- Facial swelling
- Runny nose that lasts longer than 10 days
- Postnasal drip
- Sore throat
- Sinus headache
- Bad breath
- Reduced sense of taste and smell
- Ear pain or minor hearing loss
- Generalized fatigue or malaise
Management of ethmoid sinusitis
The treatment for ethmoid sinusitis might require a various approach ranging from home remedies to surgery in severe cases.
Over-the-counter pain medications can lessen the discomfort caused by ethmoid sinusitis. Steroid nasal sprays are also used as a brief solution for runny nose.
Some home remedies can also lessen the sinus pain and pressure. The commonly used remedies include the application of a warm compress on the face. Inhaling steam in a shower is also beneficial. One approach is to pour hot water in a basin and drape a towel over the head while leaning forward to breathe in the steam.
Raising the head using a pillow wedge while sleeping can promote nasal drainage. Proper hydration by increasing the intake of water can thin out the mucus. In addition, irrigating the nasal passages can help with a saline nasal spray a few times throughout the day.
Antibiotics might be prescribed by the doctor to lessen the number of bacteria. The commonly used drugs include azithromycin, amoxicillin or erythromycin.
Ethmoid sinusitis typically improves with conservative measures. Nevertheless, if these treatments fail to work, surgery is an option. The surgery might involve the removal of the damaged tissue, widening of the nasal passages and fixing any anatomical irregularities such as a deviated septum or nasal polyps.