Facial cellulitis

Facial cellulitis is a bacterial skin infection that affects the face. This might be secondary to certain conditions such as upper respiratory tract infections or middle ear infections. The usual cause includes the staphylococcus and streptococcus bacteria.

What are the risk factors?

  • Upper respiratory tract infection
  • Nasal vestibulitis that was left untreated
  • Lymphatic system disorders
  • Middle ear or dental infections

    Facial cellulitis
    The objective of treatment is to alleviate the symptoms, eliminate the infection and prevent recurrence.

What are the indications of facial cellulitis?

  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Generalized body aches
  • Irritability
  • Vomiting
  • Diminished appetite
  • Facial swelling on the affected side
  • Warmth and redness
  • Itching and burning sensation
  • Tongue becomes swollen, warm and tender

Management

The treatment for facial cellulitis include antibiotics. The objective of treatment is to alleviate the symptoms, eliminate the infection and prevent recurrence. It is important to note that antibiotics can be administered orally or intravenously. It depends on the severity of the condition.

In some cases, a combination of 2 different antibiotics is used. These are given for an extended length of time due to chance of recurrence. The individual should complete the prescribed course even if the symptoms already settled.

How to provide relief to the symptoms

Even though the condition can be easily managed using antibiotics, it can cause significant pain and discomfort, especially if it develops near the eye which disrupts with vision.

It is recommended to place a warm compress on the affected area to alleviate some of the swelling. Additionally, over-the-counter pain medications such as acetaminophen can be given to reduce the pain and fever.

More Information / Disclaimer

The information posted on this page on facial cellulitis is for learning purposes only. Learn to recognize and manage infections by taking a standard first aid course with Mississauga First Aid.

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