Overview on non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are drugs commonly given to relieve pain or inflammation and lower fever. It is often utilized to alleviate the symptoms of headaches, sprains, strains, painful periods, flu, common cold, arthritis and other causes of lingering pain.

Even though NSAIDs are widely used, they are not ideal for everybody and can oftentimes trigger undesirable side effects.

What are the types?

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can be obtained as capsules, tablets, creams, gels, suppositories and even as shots or injections. Some can be purchased over-the-counter while others require a prescription.

The main forms include the following:

  • Naproxen

    non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
    The effects are likely to manifest if using for an extended period or if an elderly or an individual with poor health.
  • Ibuprofen
  • Celecoxib
  • Diclofenac
  • Indomethacin
  • Mefenamic acid
  • Etoricoxib
  • High-dose aspirin

What are the side effects of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs?

Similar with other medications, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can put one at risk for side effects. The effects are likely to manifest if using for an extended period or if an elderly or an individual with poor health.

The over-the-counter NSAIDs typically have a few side effects than the more potent prescription variants.

The possible effects include the following:

  • Indigestion – which includes feeling sick, stomach pain and diarrhea
  • Stomach ulcers – these can trigger internal bleeding and even anemia
  • Headaches
  • Formation of a hole in the stomach or bowel wall
  • Drowsiness
  • Dizziness
  • Allergic reactions
  • In rare instances, issues with the kidneys, liver or the heart and circulation such as heart attack, heart failure and stroke

In case any of these side effects manifest, it is vital to stop taking the drug and consult a doctor as soon as possible.

Interaction with food and alcohol

Generally, there is no need to steer clear from any specific foods while using non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. The capsules or tablets must be swallowed normally with water or food to prevent stomach upset.

It is usually safe to consume alcohol while using the drug but drinking too much while under treatment can irritate the stomach.

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