Periorbital edema is defined as swelling around the eyes. The site bordering the eye is the eye socket or orbit. An individual might have periorbital edema in only one eye or both at the same time.
What are the causes?
The main cause is inflammation that results to the buildup of fluid around the eye. The condition can arise rapidly or over an extended period.
Some of the possible causes include:
- Poor sleep
- Excessive alcohol consumption
- High-salt diet
- Thyroid disorders such as hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism
- Dysfunctional tear glands
- Eye trauma
Management of periorbital edema
The treatment is based on the root cause. Essentially, some these home remedies are suggested for all cases of periorbital edema:
- Low-salt diet
- Increased intake of water
- Application of a cold compress on the eyes a few minutes at a time
Some of the commonly prescribed medical treatments for periorbital edema include:
- Corticosteroids – these are taken orally or applied topically to lessen the inflammation around the eyes
- Anti-inflammatory drugs – these are taken orally or topically to reduce the pain and inflammation
- Antihistamines – this drug is given to stop an allergic reaction
- Adrenaline or epinephrine – these are given as an emergency treatment for an anaphylactic reaction
- Antibiotics – these are given if periorbital edema is caused by an infection
What is the outlook?
Periorbital edema can cause discomfort which disrupts the ability to perform daily tasks. With medical treatment and home care, an individual can fully recover from the condition.