Many individuals end up with common cold on a yearly basis despite observing proper preventive measures. In case an individual acquires this prevalent ailment, he/she can self-treat common cold. Just remember though that there is no cure for the common cold and the condition is allowed to run its full course. Luckily, there are a number of remedies that one can try in order to feel better.
The best way to prevent common cold is to stay away from individuals who have one. Avoid any form of exposure via touching hands, kissing or sharing of utensils with someone who has a cold. The signs and symptoms of common cold include sore throat, runny nose, headache, appetite loss and muscle aches.
An important aspect of self-care for common cold is to get enough rest. It is recommended to rest so that the body can replenish itself and fight off the ailment. Remember that adequate rest will allow the immune system to rebuild and restore proper balance in the body.
Increased intake of fluids
The individual should be encouraged to drink plenty of fluids to help relieve the symptoms of common cold. Consumption of fluids can help loosen up the mucus. It is recommended to drink at least 8 glasses of water in a day so that proper hydration is maintained in the body.
In addition, drinking warm fluids such as an immune-building tea can help stimulate the flow of mucus and relieve a stuffed nose. Warm chicken broth is also a preferred remedy for those who are suffering from common cold.
Salt water gargle and saline solutions
The individual should gargle on warm salt water a few times in a day to help relieve any sore throat symptoms linked with the common cold. Salt water is known to loosen up the mucus in the nose as well as moisturize the tender nasal lining. Remember that it is not advisable to utilize a nasal spray for more than 5 days since this will only worsen the symptoms. In most cases, the doctor will prescribe a nasal spray that can help alleviate the discomfort.
Zinc supplements should be taken at the earliest sign of common cold. Based on studies conducted, zinc is known to shorten the duration of common cold. As for vitamin C supplements, they can also provide an added boost to the immune system but it does not actually help in treating a cold.
When to consult a doctor
If an individual continues to experience the symptoms of common cold for more than 10 days or has fever higher than 103 degrees F for 3 days, a doctor should be consulted. If there are other symptoms present such as vomiting, bluish skin, earaches, difficulty breathing or other unusual signs, a doctor should not consulted right away.