Esophagitis is defined as inflammation of the esophageal lining. If the condition is left untreated, it can cause discomfort that results to difficulty swallowing, formation of ulcers or even scarring of the esophagus.
It is important to note that esophagitis involves irritation of the esophagus due to the following:
- Backflow of acid fluid from the stomach to the esophagus (GERD)
- Medications such as anti-inflammatory drugs and aspirin
- Fungi, viruses, bacteria or diseases that weaken the immune system
What are the signs?
- Difficulty and/or painful swallowing
- Acid regurgitation
If an individual has any of these symptoms, a doctor should be consulted.
Management of esophagitis
The treatment for esophagitis is based on its precise cause. Even though medications that block the production of acid might be suggested, other drugs can be given if the cause is an infection.
Even though one is under treatment for esophagitis, there are certain steps that might be taken to limit the discomfort such as:
- Avoiding any spicy foods such as those that include chili powder, pepper, nutmeg and curry.
- Acidic foods and beverages such as oranges, tomatoes, grapefruits and their juices must be avoided.
- Soft foods such as cooked cereals, applesauce, mashed potatoes, puddings, custards and high-protein shakes in the diet must be included in the diet.
- The individual should take small bites and chew food properly
- Avoid tobacco and alcohol