A ganglion cyst is a swelling filled with fluid that typically forms near a tendon or joint. Generally, a cyst can range in size from a pea up to a golf ball.
The cyst appears and feels as a smooth lump beneath the skin. It is comprised of a dense, gel-like fluid known as the synovial fluid which borders the tendons and joints for lubrication as well as provide cushion during movement.
A ganglion cyst can form in any joint in the body but usually on the wrist as well as the hand and fingers. In most cases, a cyst is harmless but can cause discomfort. If it does not trigger any pain or discomfort, it is left alone and might vanish without treatment, but it might take several years.
The treatment for a ganglion cyst is generally suggested if it triggers pain or disrupts with joint movement.
The commonly used treatment options for a ganglion cyst include the following:
- Drainage of fluid of the cyst with aspiration
- Incision of the cyst with surgery
What happens after?
The surgeon will stitch the wound and apply bandage over the area. This ensure that the area is clean, lowering the risk for infection and prevent from accidental bumps. In most cases, the wound is not usually painful, but pain medications are given if there is discomfort after the surgery.