Giardiasis

Giardiasis is an infection brought about by the giardia parasite. This parasite thrive in the animal or human intestine. The infection can spread via water, soil or food through bowel movements.

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What are the signs?

The usual indications of giardiasis start 1-2 weeks after being exposed to the parasite. The common signs include the following:

  • Minor to severe episodes of diarrhea
  • Nausea and/or vomiting
  • Appetite loss
  • Bowel movements that are greasy, bulky, foul-smelling and frothy
  • Weight loss
  • Abdominal cramps or tenderness

Management of giardiasis

Giardiasis
The usual indications of giardiasis start 1-2 weeks after being exposed to the parasite.

The doctor might suggest antiparasitic medications to eliminate the parasite. If there are no symptoms, medications are not given. Nevertheless, proper treatment can prevent the spread of the parasite to others.

Generally, giardiasis can last for 2-6 weeks but it can be longer in some cases.

When caring for an individual with the condition, the following must be considered:

  • Allow the stomach and bowel to rest by drinking only clear fluids.
  • In case the diarrhea is severe, the doctor might suggest an oral rehydration solution that replaces the fluids and nutrients lost.
  • For stomach pain, a hot water bottle or heating pad can be applied.

The individual can eat plain, soft foods. Avoid those that are hard to digest or those that can irritate the stomach such as spicy, acidic or fatty foods as well as certain meats and raw vegetables.

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