Hand arthritis can make daily activities difficult and painful. Just like with any form of arthritis, the usual indications include joint pain, stiffness and swelling. There is also a dull ache or burning sensation.
Once the hand is affected by arthritis, it can be accompanied by weakness in the hands and wrists. In addition, there is a grinding sensation when the joints in the hands are used.
The usual site is at the base of the thumb where it links to the wrist. Even the wrist is also a site for hand arthritis. In most cases, bumps can also form in these areas from bone spurs and the area is usually warm. Oftentimes, there are soft cysts or nodules on the back part of the hands.
Who are at risk?
The risk factors for developing hand arthritis include the following:
- Family history of arthritis
- Older age especially those 50 years and older
- Previous hand surgery or injuries
When dealing with hand arthritis, it involves an active treatment plan that aims on alleviating the symptoms and maintaining the function of the hands.
- Medications such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) including naproxen and ibuprofen to minimize the pain and inflammation.
- Using a splint either the rigid type or soft wrist sleeves
- Corticosteroid injections to reduce the inflammation and pain
- Using adaptive equipment when performing daily activities with minimal discomfort.
- Application of cold and heat therapy
If the pain is intense or the hand could not be used, the doctor might recommend surgical options.