Listeriosis is brought about by the Listeria monocytogenes bacteria. The bacteria are typically found in unpasteurized dairy goods, raw vegetables and some deli meats.
The condition is not generally serious in most cases. Some do not even have any symptoms and complications are rare. There are cases where it can be dangerous.
What are the signs?
The usual indications of the condition include:
- Muscle pain
Generally, the symptoms are mild that the infection is left undetected. The symptoms might arise within 1-3 days after ingestion of the contaminated food.
The mildest symptom is flu-like in nature with fever and diarrhea. Some do not have any signs until days or weeks after exposure.
The symptoms can last until the infection is gone. In some cases, antibiotics are required. Possible complications might involve the heart, nervous system and the bloodstream. Listeriosis is considered risky among pregnant women, elderly and those who have weak immune systems.
Management of listeriosis
The treatment for listeriosis is based on the severity of the symptoms and overall health of the individual.
For a mild infection, it can be managed at home with the following:
- Keeping the body hydrated by drinking water and clear liquids
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and acetaminophen can be given to reduce fever and muscle pain
- BRAT diet
If the symptoms are severe, antibiotics are prescribed by the doctor. In some cases, hospitalization is required so that intravenous medications are given.