Mouth wounds often cause serious bleeding due to the abundant blood vessels within the soft tissues of the mouth.
A small cut or laceration on the lips, gums, mucosa or tongue can bleed easily for a brief span of time. In most cases of lacerations and/or punctures, they usually stop before the individual arrives in the emergency department. Upon arrival at the emergency department, the doctor will assess if stitches are needed.
What are the causes?
Mouth wounds are typically brought about by blunt trauma that damages the tissues, sharp objects and by the teeth of the individual.
What are the indications?
The usual indications of mouth wounds generally include the following:
- Tissue damage
- Tooth injuries
- Minor tissue loss and/or small tissue flaps
There are cases in which the damage can be deep and even reach the musculature while others can penetrate through the mucosa and the skin. In some cases, it can even cross the borders of the lips.
Management of mouth wounds
Initially, the individual must be accessed for any associated injuries such as issues with breathing or swallowing, loose or missing teeth, facial fractures and serious loss of tissue. A tetanus shot is required if not updated with the vaccine. In addition, serious facial wounds require further care.
As for lacerations that bleed more than 15 minutes after placing pressure, it requires stitches. When it comes to tissue flaps or deep lacerations involving the musculature, stitches are also needed.
Disclaimer / More Information
The information posted on this page on mouth wounds is for learning and educational purposes only. To learn how to manage this injury, register for first aid training at one of our training centers located throughout Canada. The training centers are in Edmonton, Calgary, Vancouver, Kelowna, Saskatoon, Victoria, Surrey, Mississauga, Winnipeg, Red Deer, Toronto, Ottawa and Halifax.