There are millions of individuals all over the globe who keep dogs as pets. Regardless of where you live, it is likely that exposure to allergens from dogs could not be avoided. It is important to note that the allergens produced by dogs are present everywhere. Nevertheless, it is vital to note that some individuals are highly sensitive to the allergens and can develop health issues upon exposure. If a family member is suspected with dog allergy, there are important considerations to bear in mind.
What are the possible causes?
The allergens produced by dogs do not come from their fur or the amount of hair that they shed. The allergens generated by dogs come from the protein that is naturally present in their saliva and urine. In addition, the protein is also present on the skin flakes of dogs. Another allergen produced by dogs is albumin which is found in their blood.
The moment these allergic substances enter the body via the nasal passages, the body will trigger the immune system to eliminate these foreign materials. The allergic reaction experienced by the individual is due to the effort of the immune system in fighting off the allergens.
What are the symptoms?
Once the body reacts to the allergens, the symptoms of dog allergy can manifest immediately. One of the symptoms is the reddening and itching of the eyes. Eczema and a runny nose can also occur along with hay fever and rashes. In some cases, excessive coughing can also occur and likely to lead to an asthma attack.
Remember that these symptoms can worsen if the individual is exposed to pollutants as well as other forms of allergens. In order to confirm if an individual is allergic to dogs, a doctor should be consulted so that a skin or blood test will be performed.
How to prevent dog allergy
The ideal way to ensure that the house is free from allergens is to remove the dog from the house. Take note that this is useful if the individual or other family members are allergic to dogs. Nevertheless, it might take some time before the level of allergens in the house drops. In case the individual is determined to keep the dog, there are measures to consider.
- In case the dog is male, it should be neutered. You can bring the dog to a vet and have it cleaned and scrubbed properly. It is important to bathe the dog at least three times in a week and use a specialized shampoo.
- Do not allow the dog to stay inside the house. It should stay in the garden or yard where its house is located. In case the dog has to go inside, it should be given a bath first. Once inside the house, do not allow in the bedroom or in areas where there are upholstered furniture.
- Use a HEPA air cleaner to filter the air inside the house.
- If possible, remove carpeting. If the individual decides to keep the carpeting, it should be vacuumed at least three times in a week with a HEPA cleaner.