Seizure: What should I do?

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A seizure is defined as disorganized, electrical discharges of the brain that has a variety of causes. If an individual experience several seizures, the doctor might diagnose the individual with epilepsy.

It is vital that you know to determine when an individual is having a seizure and what to watch out for. Remember that experiencing one can be daunting, not only to the person but also to the bystanders.

Close look on a seizure

There are cases in which some seizures appear differently from others, thus it is based on the seizure disorder on how it manifests.

Some of the usual signs that might arise if an individual has a seizure include:

  • Lip smacking
    Avoid moving the individual experiencing a seizure to another site since this can result to injuries.
  • Altered or absence of consciousness
  • Tongue biting due to jaw muscle contractions
  • Involuntary muscle contraction of the whole body followed by relaxation
  • Difficulty breathing and secretion of saliva from the mouth

What must I do if a seizure occurs?

Witnessing a seizure can be a daunting ordeal, but there are some measures that can be done to help the individual:

  • Do not panic and try to remain calm.
  • Avoid moving the individual experiencing a seizure to another site since this can result to injuries.
  • Do not leave the individual experiencing a seizure on his/her own. Remain with the person until the episode ceases.
  • Check if the individual has a bracelet tag or contact information that he/she has epilepsy
  • The individual must be protected from any form of injury. Move away any objects away from the individual.
  • Do not try to open the mouth of the individual or insert anything inside since this might present as a choking hazard or you can injure yourself.
  • Carefully place a soft cushion or pillow beneath the head to avert injury during a seizure
  • Gently and carefully turn the individual on his/her side and allow any fluid to drain from the mouth
  • Do not provide anything to drink or eat while a seizure is taking place.

It is important to note that seizures generally last for a brief period. If it lasts longer than 5 minutes, it is best to call for emergency assistance right away.

Quick Note / Disclaimer

The material posted on this page on a seizure is for learning and educational purposes only. To learn to recognize the signs and how it is managed, register for a first aid and CPR course with Mississauga First Aid.

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