Traumatic brain injury

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Traumatic brain injury is defined as damage to the brain brought about by an external force. It can range from a minor strike to the head resulting to brief dizziness or lightheadedness or a dangerous injury to the brain from major trauma.

The usual cause of traumatic brain injury is vehicular accidents. Physical activity or sports is the next usual cause followed by assault. Those over 65 years of age, falls are the typical cause of injury.

What are the signs?

In any form of traumatic brain injury, it must be dealt with carefully. In case there is loss of consciousness, regardless how brief it was, a doctor must be seen. Even if loss of consciousness did not manifest, the hours that follow the grievance are vital and you must monitor for these symptoms:

  • Slurred speech
    Traumatic brain injury
    In case there is loss of consciousness, regardless how brief it was, a doctor must be seen.
  • Headache
  • Vomiting
  • Restlessness
  • Pupillary changes
  • Increased drowsiness
  • Confusion on date or time
  • Memory loss

If these symptoms manifest, a doctor must be seen right away since it might be an indication that the brain is swollen or bleeding.

Management of traumatic brain injury

Even though most cases of traumatic brain injury could not be prevented, some measures can be taken to lower the risk for injury.

The presence of airbags in cars has lowered the cases of traumatic brain injury. Among those who ride motorcycles, using helmets have lessened the risk. As for the elderly, observing fall preventive measures can greatly help. The recovery and treatment for traumatic brain injury varies for each i


More Information / Disclaimer

The information posted on this page on traumatic brain injury is for learning purposes only. Learn how the injury is treated by taking a standard first aid course with Mississauga First Aid.

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